10 Countries with the fastest train
A. JapanTrain: JR-Maglev MLX01Speed: 361 mphCapacity: ExperimentalJapan is the world leader when it comes to high-speed trains, opened the world's first modern high-speed rail in 1964. Japan first made a breakthrough in the field when they introduced the first series of Tokaido Shinkansen "bullet train," which can reach a top speed of 130 mph. Initial bullet trains carry more than 100 million passengers in just the first three years. Currently, trains are still operating in the world's busiest rail line, carrying 378 000 passengers a day. Maglev trains have also been developed in Japan since the 1970s. The government has approved plans for a $ 112.4 billion project to build a Maglev train line between Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka, with a completion date of 2027. This high-speed train is planned is expected to cut the current travel time between Tokyo and Osaka from two hours and 18 minutes on the Shinkansen just over an hour. Currently, the JR-Maglev is considered experimental MLXO1 fastest train in the world, with a top speed of 361 mph in trials in 2003.
2. FrenchTrain: TGV V150Speed: 357 mphCapacity: ExperimentalFrench drove in front of the whole of Europe in the race to build the first fully functional high-speed rail network.
Alstom's TGV trains were first developed to hit the track in 1981, with service between Paris and Lyon. Since then, the network has expanded to service 150 destinations in France and neighboring countries.
Limited to speeds of up to 200 mph during normal service, the TGV V150 experimental reach speeds of 357 mph record in 2007-making the world's second fastest train. TGV high-speed technology used in the national railway in many European countries including Britain, Belgium, Holland and Germany. Last month, the train maker Alstom France signed a preliminary agreement to build high speed rail line linking the Iraqi cities of Baghdad and Basra.
3. ChinaTrain: CRH380ALSpeed: 302 mphCapacity: 600 passengersChina has the world's longest high-speed rail network with more than 6,000 kilometers of the route in the ministry.
It also boasts the longest high-speed rail routes, with the opening of the Beijing-Shanghai line earlier this month. 819 mile route is created using 60 million cubic meters of concrete, two times the amount used in the Three Gorges Dam. While the train CRH380AL operate at speeds of 186 mph, the train reaches 302 mph speed record in the trial. China's first high speed line, which opened in 2007, 40.6 million passenger trips were seen only in the first two years. The government hopes to stretch the rapidly growing Chinese high-speed network to 28,000 miles at the end of 2015.
4. GermanTrain: Transrapid TR-07Speed: 270.3 mphCapacity: ExperimentalGermany is a nation that has been at the forefront of high-speed rail technology. It's home to Siemens, the world's largest manufacturer of high-speed trains. German companies Siemens and ThyssenKrupp Transrapid system has developed, high-speed monorail trains operate on magnetic levitation (maglev) technology, which can reach speeds of 311 mph. In 2004, the Shanghai Maglev train in China is the first commercial Transrapid train to carry passengers, hit a speed of 267 mph. Although the magnetic levitation train developed in Germany, they were never used commercially in this country. This technology has faced several setbacks, including the high cost and the accident that killed 25 people during the trial in 2006. In contrast, InterCityExpress (ICE) system has been adopted nationwide since 1991. This high-speed train hit 199 mph speeds and connects the cities of Germany with cities in Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands. An ICE train disaster near the German village of Eschede in 1998 is considered the world's deadliest train accident at high speed, causing the death of 101 people.
5. SpainTrain: AVE Class 103Speed: 251 mphCapacity: 404 passengers
Spain has the longest high-speed rail network in Europe, with 3433 miles of track. With six high-speed train line and some under construction, the Spanish government aims to have 90 percent of the population within 31 kilometers of high-speed station in 2020. The fastest train is a series AVE state, which is produced by the makers of trains, including Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier. The AVE Class 103 trains made by Siemens began commercial service in 2007, and reached a record speed of 251 mph during a test run between Madrid and Zaragoza. The maximum peak speed for a commercial train in Spain is limited to 186 mph for passenger safety. Euro-zone sovereign debt crisis and austerity plans Portugal has suspended plans major expansion, which would have linked the Spanish capital Madrid to Lisbon in Portugal. The relationship of high-speed train will cut travel time between the two cities to two hours and 45 minutes instead of nine hours of time.
6. ItalyTrain: ETR 500 FrecciarossaTop Speed: 225 mphCapacity: 590 passengers
One of the early pioneers of the European high speed rail technology, Italy is home to Europe's first line of high-speed train. Florence-Rome high speed line to make history when more than half of the entire length of the first 86 miles from Rome to Citta della Pieve was opened in 1977. Trains on track to achieve a maximum speed of 160 mph. Since then, high-speed rail network that country has grown substantially, with a high speed line reaches as far north as far south as Naples Torino. Italian ETR 500 is a series made by the fastest train in the country, with an ETR 500 Y1 models hit speeds up to 225 mph in 2009 on the way between Florence and Bologna. Not everyone is pleased with the progress, however.
Earlier this month, more than 200 people were injured in protests against the construction of a tunnel 36 kilometers north of the Susa valley is planned to be cut three hours of the seven-hour train journey between Paris and now Milan. Protesters said the high-speed line will damage the area and construction can release harmful chemicals.
7. Great BritainTrains: Eurostar 3313/14Top Speed: 208 mphCapacity: 750 passengersEurostar has changed the way Western Europe trip. Since starting operations in 1994, the London-based high-speed rail network connecting the UK with cities in France and Belgium via the underground tunnel in the English Channel, often referred to as The trains and 27 links to more of the "Chunnel." 100 destinations across Europe, the network marked 100 million passengers in August 2009. Rail lines carry passengers at speeds up to 186 mph. The 3313/14 Eurostar train broke the record set in 1979 England to reach speeds of 208 mph in 2003. The rail network has recently taken to court by the French train maker Alstom's decision to give $ 600 million contract for 10 new trains for the German builder Siemens. However, a British court rejected an application to have a contract pending. Alstom is the world's second largest train manufacturer and supplier of all the existing Eurostar trains.
8. South KoreaTrains: KTX-ITop Speed: 190 mphCapacity: 965South Korea's high-speed rail network, known as the Korean train express (KTX), carrying over 100,000 passengers per day on two fronts. In April 2010, a record 178 584 people use the high speed railway network of the country. After 12 years of construction, the first high speed line opened in 2004, cutting travel time from the capital Seoul to Busan port city of up to two hours and 40 minutes, half the time previously required. The travel time between the two cities was reduced to 22 minutes even further when the second line was opened.
Impact of high-speed rail has been felt by the domestic airline industry, which has seen its capacity to shrink more than 30 percent between 2003 and 2007. Although the introduction of low-cost domestic airlines have helped demand for air travel is growing again, the passengers are still below what they used to be before the high-speed rail is introduced.
9. TaiwanTrain: THSR 700TTop Speed: 186 mphCapacity: 989 passengersTaiwan high speed rail project, which cost a total of $ 18 billion, is one of the world's largest plan privately funded railway construction. State THSR 700T trains have cut travel time from 4.5 hours to 90 minutes on a 214 mile route from the northern capital of Taipei to the southern city of Kaohsiung. The 30 high-speed train, which began operations in 2007, is based on Japanese Shinkansen 700 Series model "bullet train". A record 36.9 million passengers boarded the train in 2010, up 14 percent from a year earlier. High-speed rail system this country has made headlines recently after the government said the network may not survive more than 10 years due to land sinking due to overuse of ground water. Last month, the government said it would close the wells in the groundwater that threatens the structural basis of high-speed system.
10. RussiaTrain: Siemens Velaro RUSTop Speed: 175 mphCapacity: 600 passengersRussia's fastest high-speed trains running on the Moscow-St. Petersburg line, and made its debut in December 2009. German-built Velaro RUS trains, also known as Sapsan, has cut travel time for 401-mile route from eight hours to three hours and 45 minutes. 10-car passenger trains operate at a maximum speed of 155 mph, but hit a record speed of 175 mph during the trial in 2009. Eight high-speed trains are worth nearly $ 1 billion. Russia wants to expand high-speed rail network is faster than hosting the 2018 FIFA World Cup. This country has invited foreign investors to bid on contracts for the construction of a new line that will connect the cities.
Here we compiled a list of countries with the fastest train in the world based on the maximum speed measured in miles per hour (mph). We've included a record speed hit when running the trial electric and magnetic levitation (Maglev) train, as well as those of experimental models. The figures are based on a series of public reports available, as well as information from organizations such as the Railway Gazette International and the Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation.
10 Countries with the fastest train